Stevia plant with the Latin name stevia rebudiana Bertoni is a genus of the family Asteraceae which consists of 240 species. This plant is native from the sub-tropical and tropical western region of North America, Central America to South America.
Stevia plants in several countries in the world, has long been used as a natural sweetener low calorie cane sugar substitutes. Countries that have long been use it: Japan, Argentina, Chile, China, Colombia, Korea, Malaysia, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, and Vietnam, Brazil, Australia, and New Zealand New, United States, Mexico, Hong Kong, the European Union, Israel, Norway, Indonesia (Minister of Health no.033 of 2012).
Aside from being a sweetener, stevia also be useful for health. Some of the benefits of stevia for health are as follows:
- Stabilize blood sugar of diabetics
- Stabilize blood pressure in patients with hypertension Increases the absorption of calcium in osteoporosis
- Relieve the symptoms of gingivitis and inhibit the growth of plaque on the teeth
- Addressing scalp disorders and dull hair
- Wrinkles in the skin Inhibits (Source: www.steviafirst.com)
Such benefits can be obtained because besides glycoside (steviosida, rebausida, and dulcosida) as a source of sweetness, stevia also contains other nutrients such as protein, fiber, carbohydrates, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, iron, vitamin A, vitamin C , as well as essential oils. The sweet taste on its own stevia is mainly due to two components of stevioside (with 250 times the sweetness of sucrose) and rebaudioside (with 300 times the sweetness of sucrose). (Source: www.stevia-steviocide.com).
Stevia superior kind CM3 in Bandung Regency has a very high productivity of up to 500 g per clump once harvest levels up to 70% stevioside.
In Bandung Regency is currently being developed stevia planting and seedling production of local superior of the type CM3 which has been certified SKMB of BP2MB Jabar. Planting areas that have been there in 2015 covering an area of 5 hectares and is currently being developed new land area of 25 hectares, in the village of Cibodas district. Pasir Jambu district. Bandung. With monoculture and intercropping together kopi.Saat this has been done resulting stevia leaf processing into various products, ranging from raw materials to the food industry to processed food products so for a specific category (for diabetes and autism) and the public.